Absolute sum of intraday nominations at all EU borders - 2020-2022 (TWh) |
Figure 15 |
ACER calculations based on REMIT data |

Annual congestion income per Member State and year-on-year change - 2021-2022 (Million EUR and %) |
Figure 12 |
ACER |

Average ex-post risk premium of long-term transmission rights for a selection of EU borders - 2022 (EUR/MWh) |
Figure 11 |
ACER calculations based on ENTSO-E data |

Average prices of balancing capacity (upward and downward capacity from aFRR) and year-on-year change from 2021 in selected European markets - 2022 (EUR/MWh, %) |
Figure 21 |
ACER calculations based on NRA data |

Average risk premium of long-term transmission rights in the forward markets for a selection of EU borders - 2022 (EUR/MWh) |
Figure 09 |
ACER calculations based on REMIT and JAO data |

Balancing capacity contracted cross-border as a percentage of the national requirements of reserve capacity for FCR (left) and balancing energy activated cross-border as a % of the total balancing energy activated to meet national needs (right)- 2022 (%) |
Figure 26 |
ACER calculations based on NRA data |

Balancing capacity contracted cross-border as a percentage of the national requirements of reserve capacity for FCR - 2022 (%) |
Figure 26(1) |
ACER calculations based on NRA data |

Balancing energy activated cross-borders as a percentage of the total balancing energy activated to meet national needs - 2022 (%) |
Figure 26(2) |
ACER calculations based on NRA data |

Churn factors in a selection of European forward markets - 2019-2022 |
Figure 05 |
ACER calculation based on REMIT and ENTSO-E data |

Churn factors in major European day-ahead markets - 2019-2022 |
Figure 13 |
ACER calculations based on REMIT and ENTSO-E data |

Comparison of average prices for balancing capacity per year and reserve type in European markets for the period 2019-2022 (EUR/MWh) |
Figure 20 |
ACER calculations based on NRA data |

Distribution of total upward and downward re-dispatching volume by technology in the EU - 2022 (% of MWh) |
Figure 33(2) |
ACER calculations based on NRA data |

Distribution of total upward and downward re-dispatching volume by underlaying cause (left) and by technology (right) in the EU - 2022 (% of MWh) |
Figure 33 |
ACER calculations based on NRA data |

Distribution of total upward and downward re-dispatching volume by underlying cause in the EU - 2022 (% of MWh) |
Figure 33(1) |
ACER calculations based on NRA data |

Evolution of brokered vs exchange trading in the EU - 2019-2022 (TWh) |
Figure 07 |
ACER calculations based on REMIT data |

Example of a long price incident in Austria on 18 August 2022 (EUR/MWh per second of optimisation) |
Figure 28 |
ACER calculations based on Transnet data |

Example of a sequence of short price incidents in Austria on 20 August 2022 (EUR/MWh per second of optimisation) |
Figure 29 |
ACER calculations based on Transnet data |

Exchanged volumes for Austria when it is facing a positive price incident (left) and negative price incident (right) - 2022 (number of occurrences per MW) |
Figure 31 |
ACER calculations based on Transnet data |

Forward markets churn factor per type of trade in the largest European forward markets - 2022 |
Figure 06 |
ACER calculations based on REMIT and ENTSO-E data |

Frequency of application of validation adjustments in the Core capacity calculation region - 1 July 2022 - 31 December 2022 (% of hours) |
Figure 35 |
ACER calculations based on RCC data |

Imbalance netting as a percentage of the total need for balancing energy (explicitly activated or avoided by means of netting) from all types of reserves in national balancing markets - 2022 (%) |
Figure 27 |
ACER calculations based on NRA data |

Market share per nominated electricity market operator in day-ahead market coupling in the EU - 2022 (% of traded volume) |
Figure 14 |
ACER calculations based on REMIT data |

Market share per nominated electricity market operator in the single intraday coupling in the EU - 2022 (% of traded volume) |
Figure 18 |
ACER calculations based on REMIT data |

Monthly evolution of the average risk premia of long-term transmission rights in the EU - 2021-2022 (EUR/MWh) |
Figure 01 |
ACER calculation based on REMIT and JAO data |

Monthly evolution of the average risk premiums of long-term transmission rights in the EU - 2021-2022 (EUR/MWh) |
Figure 10 |
ACER calculations based on REMIT and JAO data |

Overall costs of balancing (capacity and energy) over national electricity demand in selected European markets - 2022 (EUR/MWh) |
Figure 23 |
ACER calculations based on NRA and ENTSO-E data |

Price correlations across timeframes in EU Member States (day-ahead, intraday and imbalance prices) - 2022 |
Figure 19 |
ACER calculations based on NEMOs data and ENTSO-E Transparency Platform |

Rate of success of the cross-zonal capacity adjusment process in the SWE (left) and Italy North (right) capacity calculations regions - 1 July 2022 - 31 December 2022 (% of hours) |
Figure 36 |
ACER calculations based on RCC data |

Relative performance of the different EU Member States on the volume of remedial actions activated as a share of their total demand - 2022 (% of the total demand) |
Figure 03 |
ACER calculation based on NRA and ENTSO-E data |

Relative performance of the different EU Member States on the volume of remedial actions activated as a share of their total demand - 2022 (% of total demand) |
Figure 32 |
ACER calculation based on NRA and ENTSO-E data |

Relative shares of traded volume per year in the future for delivery in Germany - 2020-2022 (%) |
Figure 08 |
ACER calculations based on REMIT data |

Repartition of procurement lead time of each Member State, for all types of reserve (FCR, aFRR, mFRR, RR) - 2022 (%) |
Figure 25 |
ACER calculations based on NRA data |

Repartition of the procurement lead time of each type of reserve in selected European markets - 2022 (%) |
Figure 24 |
ACER calculation based on NRA and ENTSO-E data |

Share of continuous intraday-traded volumes according to intra-zonal vs. cross-zonal nature of trades in Europe and yearly continuous intraday-trade volumes - 2019-2022 (% and TWh) |
Figure 17 |
ACER calculations based on NEMOs data |

Share of renewable energy technologies used in re-dispatching out of the total renewable energy generation per Member State - 2022 (%) |
Figure 34 |
ACER calculations based on NRA and ENTSO-E Transparency Platform data |

Volume-weighted average prices of balancing energy activated from aFRR (upward and downward activations) in selected European markets - 2022 (EUR/MWh) |
Figure 22 |
ACER calculations based on ENTSO-E data |

Volume-weighted average prices of balancing energy activated from mFRR (upward and downward activations) in selected European markets - 2022 (EUR/MWh) |
Figure 38 |
ACER calculations based on ENTSO-E data |

Yearly churn factors in major European intraday markets by type of trade - 2020-2022 |
Figure 16 |
ACER calculations based on REMIT and ENTSO-E data |