Figure 02 - Evolution of annual DA electricity prices in a selection of European markets |
ENTSO-E (2018) |

Figure 03 - Frequency of price spikes in the main wholesale DA markets in Europe |
ENTSO-E and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 04 - DA price convergence in Europe by CCR (ranked) ā 2008ā2017 (% of hours) |
ENTSO-E and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 05 - Monthly DA prices and frequency of full price convergence in the Baltic region |
ENTSO-E and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 06 - Monthly DA prices and frequency of full price convergence in the CWE region |
ENTSO-E and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 07 - Monthly DA prices and frequency of full price convergence in the SWE region |
ENTSO-E and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 08: NTC averages of both directions on cross-zonal borders, aggregated per CCR |
ENTSO-E, National Regulatory Authorities (NRAs), Nord Pool and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 09 - Changes in tradable capacities (NTC) in Europe |
ENTSO-E, NRAs, Nord Pool, 50 Hertz (for Polish profiles) and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 10 - Monthly average FB volumes in the economic directions in the Core region |
Data provided by the Core (CWE) TSOs to ENTSO-E and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 11 - Ratio of available tradable capacity to benchmark capacity on HVAC borders per Capacity Calculation Region |
NRAs, Nord Pool, ENTSO-Eās CGM (2017) and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 12 - Regional performance based on the fulfilment of capacity calculation requirements |
NRAs, ENTSO-E, Nordpool Spot and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 14 - Unweighted share of active constraints (left) and share of constraints weighted with shadow prices (right) constraining the Core CWE |
Data provided by Core (CWE) TSOs to ENTSO-E and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 15 - Weighted-average RAM (as % of Fmax) for cross-zonal exchanges in internal-to-bidding-zone CNEs per TSO control area in 2017 |
Data provided by Core (CWE) TSOs to ENTSO-E and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 16 - Monthly average FB volumes in the economic directions in Core (CWE) |
Data provided by Core (CWE) TSOs to ENTSO-E and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 21 - Average bid-ask spreads in European forward markets |
ICIS (2018) |

Figure 23 - Ratio between ID-traded volumes and electricity demand in the largest European ID markets |
NEMOs, Eurostat, CEER National Indicators Database and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 24 - ID-traded volumes per product, per bidding zone, in the largest European markets |
NEMOs and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 25 - Share of total ID-traded volumes according to intra-zonal vs. cross-zonal nature of trades in Europe |
NEMOs and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 26 - Share of total ID-traded volume per type of trading method, per nature of trade, per bidding zone in Europe |
NEMOs and ACER calculation (2018) |

Figure 27 - Distribution of total ID-traded volumes for continuous trading and auctions per trading hour (CET), per trading method and per NEMO in Europe |
NEMOs and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 28 - Distribution of total ID-traded volumes for continuous trading per hour (CET) in Europe ā 2017 |
NEMOs and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 29 - Distribution of ID-traded volumes per trading hour for the hourly product traded continuously in Denmark East |
NEMOs and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 30 - ID-traded volumes per auction round (GCT) in all European markets with auctions |
NEMOs and ACER calculation (2018) |

Figure 31 - Distribution of volume per trading hour for the quarter-hourly product (auctions + continuous trading) in Germany |
NEMOs and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 32 - Share of ID-traded volumes per relative trading hour for hourly, half-hourly and quarter-hourly products in implicit continuous markets |
NEMOs and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 33 - Progress made in the efficient use of electricity interconnectors in the DA market timeframe over the last 8 years |
ENTSO-E, Vulcanus, Nord Pool and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 34 - Estimated social welfare gains still to be obtained from further extending DA market coupling per border |
ENTSO-E, NRAs, Vulcanus and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 35 - Absolute sum of net ID nominations for a selection of EU borders |
ENTSO-E, NRAs, Vulcanus and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 36: Level of utilisation of cross-zonal capacity in the ID timeframe when it has a value, for a selection of borders |
ENTSO-E, NRAs, Vulcanus and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 37 - Average prices of balancing capacity (from FCRs) in the markets involved in the FCR cooperation project |
NRAs and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 38 - Overall costs of balancing (capacity and energy) over national electricity demand in a selection of European markets |
NRAs and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 39 - EU balancing energy activated cross-border as a percentage of the amount of total balancing energy activated to meet national needs |
NRAs and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 40 - EU balancing capacity contracted cross-border as a percentage of the system requirements of reserve capacity (upward FCRs) |
NRAs and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 41 - Imbalance netting as a percentage of the total need for balancing energy (explicitly activated or avoided by means of netting) from all types of reserves in national balancing markets |
NRAs and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 43 - Costs incurred or envisaged to finance CMs, per unit demand and expressed as a percentage of DA prices in Europe, |
NRAs and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 44: Share of total ID-traded volume per trading method, per nature of trade (intra-zonal vs. cross-zonal), per NEMO |
NRAs and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 45 - Percentage of hours with net DA nominations against price differentials per border (ranked) |
ENTSO-E, NRAs, Vulcanus and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 46 - Weighted average prices of balancing energy activated from aFRRs (upward and downward activation) in a selection of EU markets |
ENTSO-E, NRAs, Vulcanus and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 47 - Average prices of balancing capacity (upward and downward capacity from aFRRs) in a selection of EU markets |
NRAs and ACER calculations (2018) |

Figure 48: Absolute aggregate sum of UFs for four CCRs |
Vulcanus and ACER calculations (2018) |